Women in the Garvey Movement

Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), considered to be the largest, and most successful black nationalist association in world history, included the significant participation by women. At its height, the UNIA had more than 500 affiliates, and a membership into the millions across several continents including North America, Africa, Europe, and the Caribbean. Garvey developed this association with the support of women. Women probably made up the majority of UNIA members by the mid-1920s. Historians such as Ula Y. Taylor and Keisha N. Blain have noted the broad influence that women exercised in the development of the Garvey Movement.

@ISSUE: Williams: Blacks less homogeneous because of immigration

@ISSUE: Williams: Blacks less homogeneous because of immigration The most significant changes in the African-American community in the last 25 years including social, economic and political developments should be understood as incremental strides toward equality. Historically, social change for marginalized groups in U.S. society has not always meant a unidirectional tilt towards improved circumstances. The history of African-Americans has been shaped by positive achievements and glaring setbacks.

Review of Black Women's Christian Activism

Black Women’s Christian Activism by Betty Livingston Adams, an independent scholar, and previously Associate Fellow at the Rutgers Center for Historical Analysis, is a ground breaking historical monograph focused on the religious and social history of black women in New Jersey, and the nation, from 1898 to 1945. This is the first scholarly study published on the history of black women in New Jersey. For this, the author should be commended. Containing an “Introduction,” six concise chapters, and a “Conclusion,” the text is written with economy and clarity in under two-hundred pages.

In Pursuit of Self: The Identity of an American President and Cosmopolitanism

BARACK OBAMA PROJECTS AN IDENTITY THAT IS FRAGMENTED AS opposed to an identity that is essentialist or unitary. In nearly every public setting where the issue of his race has been introduced, Obama, although he routinely self-identifies (Avila 2010) as an African American, continuously acknowledges his mixed-race heritage. He rarely fails to mention the gratitude he feels towards his white grandparents for raising him. In his autobiography he states, "I can't even hold up my experience as being somehow representative of the black American experience" (Obama 1995, xvi).

Accidental Feminist: Stormy Daniels and Ending the Sound of Silence ~ Daring Woman

In a patriarchal society such as the United States (U.S.), women and young girls are often still expected to remain silent. Their right to speak is often compromised by a culture that does not prize women who speak freely—women who voice their opinions audaciously and unapologetically. This is especially the case when it comes to issues of sex, sexuality, and sexual assault. That is, until the #metoo moment, and the rise of the Times Up Now movement. How can we understand Stormy Daniels in the context of the history of women’s rights and feminism? Is Stormy Daniels a feminist?

Roundtable on Black Women’s Intellectual History Day 2: Parts Two and Three – AAIHS

Roundtable on Black Women’s Intellectual History Day 2: Parts Two and Three This is the second day of a four part roundtable reviewing the book Toward a History of Black Women Intellectuals. We began with Lauren Anderson‘s introduction to the series. Keisha Blain and Ashley Farmer will continue our discussion the next two days, followed by responses from Barbara Savage and Martha Jones, editors of the text. Today, Hettie Williams contributes a guest post examining Parts II and III of the collection.

A History of Truth in These Troubled Times – AAIHS

A History of Truth in These Troubled Times A conversation about history, truth, and the American experience is necessary in these troubled times. The truth is under assault in U.S. society at the present as the nation, and the culture, confronts an epistemological crisis in several sectors of knowledge. This crisis is exemplified in many arenas of society but, most perniciously, it is vociferously evident in contemporary politics as illustrated by the “alternative facts” and “fake news” propaga

Review of Daniel Matlin, On the Corner – AAIHS

On the Corner by Daniel Matlin, a Lecturer in U.S. History at King’s College London, is a historical analysis on three black intellectuals of the 1960s: Kenneth B. Clark, Amiri Baraka, and Romare Bearden. On the Corner is a title derived from a 1972 Miles Davis album signifying that these three intellectuals in particular were “down on the corner” of black urban America, and that they were “uniquely positioned to convey to white audiences the physical, social, and emotional realities” of this space (8). Matlin draws upon a wide variety of sources, including novels, academic monographs, newspapers articles, poems, theater productions, and illustrations in the visuals arts to construct this narrative. The text includes an “Introduction,” three chapters, with one chapter devoted to each intellectual, and an “Epilogue.”

How Trump Became a Thug Life Idol

America has elected, to the highest office in the land, a man who seems to personify the thug life. This is a man—Mr. Donald J. Trump—who is enamored with celebrity, embraces a bombastic style of politics, and has no limits when it comes to the objectification of women. Trump has made a series of disparaging, at times violent, comments towards women. Some of the women he has directly targeted include comedian Rosie O’Donnell, Entertainment Tonight host Nancy O’Dell, news personality Megyn Kelly, former Miss Universe Alicia Machado, and MSNBC co-host of “Morning Joe” Mika Brzezinski among others.

Stop Shooting Us! African Americans and the Police Powers of the State in Perspective

“Stop shooting us!” was their mantra on the night of September 21, 2016 in Charlotte, North Carolina. Several protestors also had this phrase on the cardboard placards they carried. Their level of unease was evident as one woman collapsed into the arms of another lamenting through her tears, “stop shooting us.” These were the images that recently appeared on television detailing the demonstrations that have been on-going in Charlotte, North Carolina following the shooting of an African American

Donald Trump Has Capitalized On White Racial Anxiety In America

Trump is akin to a modern P.T. Barnum offering to “to make America great again” by emphasizing opposition to outsiders, economic protectionism, and advancing a policy of defending the interests of the white native born while disparaging immigrants of color. It is not a surprise that chants of “white power” were heard at a Trump rally that took place in Mobile, Alabama on August 20, 2015 coupled with the assault of an African American man at a previous Trump event in Fayetteville, North Carolina

Race, Religion, and Respectability in Oprah's "Greenleaf"

Greenleaf is currently a successful drama series on the Oprah Winfrey Network (OWN). Craig Wright created the show and Oprah Winfrey is the executive producer. The series premiere on June 21, 2016 had 3.04 million viewers making it the number one series debut in OWN history. Greenleaf has a 42-minute run time airing on Wednesday nights from 10 pm to 11 pm with the first season recently concluding on August 31, 2016. It is a drama structured around the lives of the members of an elite black famil

African Americans and Armed Resistance

African Americans have deployed many strategies in their quest for full equality in United States history including: protests, boycotts, hunger-strikes, rebellion, legal gradualism, and armed-resistance. These approaches have all been a part of what Charles Payne has termed the “the organizing tradition.” There were a series of slave revolts or planned insurrections including Gabriel’s Conspiracy (1800) that involved dozens of enslaved blacks, who made weapons in an attempt to overthrow slavery

Race, Class, and Gender in O.J. Made in America

O.J. Made in America (2016) is a 464-minute five-part documentary produced and directed by Ezra Edelman for ESPN Films. Race, celebrity, and American sports culture are the central themes of this production. O.J. Simpson’s rise to fame, from his days at the University of Southern Carolina (USC), to his time with the Buffalo Bills, and San Francisco 49ers, is juxtaposed with the history of race relations in America using Los Angeles as a nexus. O.J. Made in America ends with O.J.’s 2007 arrest fo

Dead Presidents: History, Memory, and the Legacies of Once 'Great Men'

Several institutions of higher education including Harvard, Yale, and Princeton have reconsidered the historical legacies of dead presidents such as Thomas Jefferson and Woodrow Wilson. Homogeneous articulations of collective identity are often forged through commemorative practices that hold up specific historical figures from the dominant racial group as representative symbols of the nation in multiracial societies despite the complicated legacies of such figures. Why is it that we tend to foc

White Out at the Oscars Again: Institutional Racism and Racial Anxiety in Contemporary U.S. Society

In the history of the United States, the development of a binary system (white/non-white) of racial classification based on white supremacist beliefs, counterbalanced with perceptions of black inferiority, has led to an unequal distribution of resources between blacks and whites. Furthermore, race as a system of power and inequality has meant the systematic unequal treatment in educational institutions, housing, healthcare, policing and in the entertainment industry for people of color, in general and for African Americans in particular.

The Baltimore Uprising and the Civil Rights Movement of the Millennial Generation

There are multiple reasons as to why the Baltimore Uprising took place on the night of Monday, April 27, after the funeral of Freddie Gray. The brutality of the city's police culture -- coupled with the routine (historical) denial of black personhood and economic opportunity, exemplified in predatory policing practices, hyper-surveillance, mass incarceration, extreme unemployment (currently estimated at 24 percent) and substandard housing -- are the core causes for the conflagration that has become known as the "Baltimore Uprising."

The Civil Rights Movement of the millennial generation has begun | Opinion

In light of recent events in Ferguson, Mo., Staten Island, N.Y., and now in South Carolina with Walter Scott, race relations in the United States have dissolved into what I believe is their lowest point since the 1990s. It is ironic that despite the election of a black president, we have not successfully ended racial prejudice and, more succinctly, racialized violence against black people. Our nation's present is still very much connected to our past. Racialized violence against African America
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